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New Photovoltaics vs. Old

Patent

US9842949

Owner

Beamreach Solar Inc.

Filing Date

August 09, 2012

Priority Date

August 09, 2011

Portfolio

Solar - Beamreach

Intro

These high-efficient solar cells use thin crystalline semiconductor absorbers to improve back contact solar cells by eliminating disadvantages and problems. 
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Claims

1. A back contact back junction thin solar cell, comprising:a semiconductor layer, comprising: a light capturing frontside surface with a passivatio...
  1. A back contact back junction thin solar cell, comprising:a semiconductor layer, comprising: a light capturing frontside surface with a passivation layer; doped base region, and a doped backside emitter region with a polarity opposite said doped base region; anda backside passivation dielectric layer and patterned reflective layer on said backside emitter region; backside emitter contacts and backside base contacts connected to metal interconnects forming a first level interdigitated metallization pattern on the backside of said back contact back junction thin solar cell; at least one permanent support reinforcement containing prepreg material positioned on the backside of said back contact back junction thin solar cell; and a second metal layer which is separated from the first level by said permanent backside support reinforcement structure, said second layer contacting to said first level metallization pattern locally through an interdigitated pattern of holes in said permanent backside support reinforcement structure.
  2. The back contact back junction thin solar cell of claim 1, wherein said second metal layer is aligned orthogonally to said first level interdigitated metallization pattern.
  3. The structure in claim 1, where said backside passivation layer consists of a glass.
  4. The structure in claim 1, where said backside passivation layer contains at least a thin layer of aluminum oxide.
  5. The structure in claim 1, wherein said second metal layer comprises at least one bus bar per polarity.
  6. The structure in claim 5, wherein said first level interdigitated metallization pattern is positioned under said bus bars thereby reducing electrical shading.
  7. The structure in claim 1, wherein said first level metallization pattern is deposited using printing.
  8. The structure in claim 1, wherein said first level metallization pattern comprises aluminum paste or aluminum paste with silicon content.
  9. The structure in claim 1, wherein said first level metallization pattern comprises more than one aluminum paste.
  10. The structure in claim 1, wherein said emitter region is comprised of at least two regions of different dopant concentration and regions in the vicinity of said emitter contact have higher dopant concentration than regions away from said emitter contact regions.
  11. The structure in claim 1, wherein said emitter region is comprised of a very thin layer of p+ doped amorphous silicon on top of intrinsic amorphous silicon, said emitter region backed by polycrystalline silicon germanium alloy or a conductive oxide.
  12. A back contact crystalline semiconductor solar cell, comprising: a crystalline semiconductor substrate, said substrate comprising a light capturing frontside surface and a backside surface for forming emitter and base contacts; a first electrically conductive metallization layer having an interdigitated pattern of emitter electrodes and base electrodes on said backside surface of said crystalline substrate, said first electrically conductive metallization layer having a thickness less than approximately 40 microns; a backplane attached to said backside surface of said crystalline substrate, said backplane laminated to said backside surface of said crystalline substrate and comprising a prepreg layer; and a second electrically conductive metallization layer providing high-conductivity cell interconnects connected to said first electrically conductive interconnect layer via holes in said backplane, said second electrically conductive interconnect layer having an interdigitated pattern of emitter electrodes and base electrodes.
  13. The back contact crystalline semiconductor solar cell in claim 12, wherein said prepreg is attached to said crystalline substrate using reflowed resin from the prepreg.
  14. The back contact crystalline semiconductor solar cell in claim 12, wherein the prepreg is attached to said crystalline substrate using an additional resin in at least part of the region of attachment between said crystalline substrate and said backplane.
  15. The back contact crystalline semiconductor solar cell in claim 14, wherein said additional resin is planarized at least partially in said interdigitated pattern of emitter electrodes and base electrodes.
  16. The back contact crystalline semiconductor solar cell in claim 12, wherein said second electrically conductive metallization layer is comprised of a printed, sprayed, or built-up layer.
  17. The back contact crystalline semiconductor solar cell in claim 12, wherein said second electrically conductive metallization layer contacts said first electrically conductive metallization layer according to a contacting metal.
  18. The back contact crystalline semiconductor solar cell in claim 12, wherein said second electrically conductive metallization layer is comprised of preformed metal.
  19. The back contact crystalline semiconductor solar cell in claim 12, wherein said second electrically conductive metallization layer is arranged essentially orthogonal to said first electrically conductive metallization layer.
  20. The back contact crystalline semiconductor solar cell in claim 12, wherein said second electrically conductive metallization layer contains at least one bus bar per polarity.
  21. The back contact crystalline semiconductor solar cell in claim 20, wherein said interdigitated pattern of emitter electrodes and base electrodes of said first electrically conductive metallization layer are positioned in regions below said bus bars in said second electrically conductive metallization layer thereby reducing electrical shading.
  22. The back contact crystalline semiconductor solar cell in claim 12, wherein said second electrically conductive metallization layer comprises interlocked structures not aligned throughout with the main crystalline axes of said crystalline semiconductor substrate.
  23. The solar cell in claim 12, wherein said crystalline semiconductor substrate is an epitaxial silicon substrate.
  24. The solar cell in claim 12, wherein said crystalline semiconductor substrate is a thinned or unthinned CZ silicon wafer.
  25. The solar cell in claim 12, wherein said crystalline semiconductor substrate is a material containing gallium arsenide.
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Abstract

Fabrication methods and structures relating to backplanes for back contact solar cells that provide for solar cell substrate reinforcement and electri...
Fabrication methods and structures relating to backplanes for back contact solar cells that provide for solar cell substrate reinforcement and electrical interconnects as well as Fabrication methods and structures for forming thin film back contact solar cells are described.
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